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For standard use, we recommend using environment variables to authenticate with the cloud storage services. This way, cloudpathlib will be able to automatically read those credentials and authenticate without you needing to do anything else. Passing credentials via environment variables is also generally a security best practice for avoiding accidental sharing.

cloudpathlib supports the standard environment variables used by each respective cloud service SDK.

Cloud Environment Variables SDK Documentation
AWS_PROFILE with credentials file

Advanced Use

The communication between cloudpathlib and cloud storage services are handled by Client objects. Each cloud storage service has its own Client class implementation. See the linked API documentation pages for additional authentication options.

Cloud Client API Documentation
Amazon S3 S3Client Link
Azure Blob Storage AzureBlobClient Link
Google Cloud Storage GSClient Link

A client object holds the authenticated connection with a cloud service, as well as the configuration for the local cache. When you create instantiate a cloud path instance for the first time, a default client object is created for the respective cloud service.

from cloudpathlib import CloudPath

cloud_path = CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/")   # same for S3Path(...)
#> <cloudpathlib.s3.s3client.S3Client at 0x7feac3d1fb90>

All subsequent instances of that service's cloud paths (in the example, all subsequent S3Path instances) will reference the same client instance.

You can also explicitly instantiate a client instance. You will need to do so if you want to authenticate using any option other than the environment variables from the table in the previous section. (To see what those options are, check out the API documentation pages linked to in the table above.) You can then use that client instance's cloud path factory method, or pass it into a cloud path instantiation.

from cloudpathlib import S3Client

client = S3Client(aws_access_key_id="myaccesskey", aws_secret_access_key="mysecretkey")

# these next two commands are equivalent
# use client's factory method
cp1 = client.CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/")
# or pass client as keyword argument
cp2 = CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/", client=client)

If you have instantiated a client instance explicitly, you can also set it as the default client. Then, future cloud paths without a client specified will use that client instance.

client = S3Client(aws_access_key_id="myaccesskey", aws_secret_access_key="mysecretkey")

If you need a reference to the default client:

#> <cloudpathlib.s3.s3client.S3Client at 0x7feac3d1fb90>

Accessing custom S3-compatible object stores

It might happen so that you need to access a customly deployed S3 object store (MinIO, Ceph or any other). In such cases, the service endpoint will be different from the AWS object store endpoints (used by default). To specify a custom endpoint address, you will need to manually instantiate Client with the endpoint_url parameter, provinding http/https URL including port.

from cloudpathlib import S3Client, CloudPath

# create a client pointing to the endpoint
client = S3Client(endpoint_url="http://my.s3.server:1234")

# option 1: use the client to create paths
cp1 = client.CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/")

# option 2: pass the client as keyword argument
cp2 = CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/", client=client)

# option3: set this client as the default so it is used in any future paths
cp3 = CloudPath("s3://cloudpathlib-test-bucket/")